El Gordo de Navidad - rules and features
Prizes are drawn by students from selected Spanish schools. People attending the drawing dress in extravagant costumes with lottery-themed prints.
The presenters get balls from two reels. В первом находятся 100 000 balls, numbered from 00000 to 99999 (like tickets). Во втором – 1 807 balls, on which the amount of cash prizes is applied.
A couple of balls are drawn at a time, which forms the winnings for a specific ticket number. These couples are hung out for everyone to see. If children get very big prizes, then sing the numbers of the winning tickets, show them to the jury and show them on a special camera. Separate raffles are held for each series of tickets.
The balls are made of wood. They are laser-marked, to exclude size changes due to the paint layer and to equalize the probability of any of them falling out.
As you can see, the Christmas lottery uses an unconventional drawing scheme. In games, held throughout the year, usually a few balls are removed from sets with a small number of balls.
Tickets, tithes, share
Carmen, the most active member of the Sodeto Housewives Association, drove six miles to the lottery office in Granien, owned by Pilar and Fortunato, and examined all the tickets displayed in the window. The government annually prints Christmas lottery tickets with numbers from 0 to 99 999, and for every 100,000th episode there are several big prizes. The more series produced, the more winners (with the same ticket number). IN 2011 there were such series 180.
Tenth лотереи The Fat Christmas, 2011 year. №33923, series 9
One ticket costs 200 euros, and few can buy it entirely, so it is usually broken down into tithes (tenth) by 20 euro per piece, they, in its turn, are divided into even smaller shares (quarter decims). Local communities in small villages, such as the Sodeto Housewives Association, buy a roll of tickets and sell them with a small markup of a door-to-door share, using small commission income to help settle - for example, paying for food and decorations during local festivals. Five euros for participation (a plus 1-1,5 euros, donated to housewives) involve citizens in the game with a chance 0,001 on El Gordo.
Any, who opened the door to public distributors, will buy at least one share, due to obligations, feelings of camaraderie or even guilt. Someone buys a few tithes - three, five, or even more.
Statistics says, that the spaniards, average, spend on the Christmas Lottery almost 70 euro per person, that is, for a family it can be 200-300 euros. Of course, it all depends on the level of income and passion ... but participation in El Gordo is a great national tradition.
В тот день Кармен выбрала серию 58268 и выкупила 1200 tithes, them together with other members of the Association, she spread to Sodeto and neighboring villages. Total housewives sold 1196 decimo.
A dozen (tenth) # 58268 - these are the numbers that Carmen chose
Tickets end up glued to the fridge, put in a drawer, left next to a stack of mail and forgotten. for most, this is part of a Christmas ritual and even a donation. Of course, it is difficult to seriously count on a big win, but.. still it's Christmas, when a miracle is possible and ... what, if wishes come true?
Where is this little village?
The Christmas lottery draw begins at 9 hours in the morning and lasts several hours. Grand Prize, Fat, can be announced in three hours, but in December 2011 there was only 9:57 in the morning, when ... when the main prize was determined.
Rosa Pons (mayor of Sodeto) did not even watch the broadcast from the Royal Theater in Madrid, only half listening to her on the radio. Nine fifty seven in the morning. It is early, she says to herself. The voice speaks the number, and then says, that it fell to the village of Granien. Where is this little village? the announcer asks. And Rose almost answers: on the plain of Monegros, in Aragon!
Winners in Gragnon celebrate their winnings next to the lottery administration, where the lucky tickets were bought
Then the winning number is called out loud, completely - 58268 - and she goes in panic for her ticket ... can this be? Then Carmen from the Housewives Association calls her. But what? But what? Could it be? - she's screaming, and Carmen says: "Yes, we won. We took El Gordo!».
Without changing clothes, just throwing on a coat, Rose runs across the square to the town hall. There is a warning system, used to advertise water shortages or power outages. With trembling hands, she turns on the food, takes the microphone and says, her voice carries the loudspeaker in the square. "Congratulations, Sodeto », She says so calmly, as soon as possible. “We just won the lottery! Come to the square, to celebrate". Then she rushes home, to change clothes.
The drawing will traditionally take place 22 December. In the past, the drawings took place at the Lotería Nacional in Madrid , in 2010 and 2011 years – at the Palais des Congresses of Madrid, and with 2012 of the year – at the Teatro Real in Madrid. Pupils of the San Ildefonso School (previously intended for orphans of civil servants) draw numbers and related prizes, presenting the results in songs to the public. To 1984 of the year only boys from San Ildefonso participated in the drawing; This year Monica Rodriguez became the first girl, who performed the song, including the fourth prize of 25 million Spanish pesetas . Traditionally, the winners donate part of the money to the San Ildefonso School. Visitors to the event can wear extravagant clothing and hats, lottery related. Государственные телеканалы Spanish Television и National Radio of Spain , as well as other media broadcasting the entire draw. Two large spherical cells are used. The largest of them contains 100 000 small wooden balls, each with a unique 5-digit ticket number from 00000 to 99999. The smaller cell contains 1807 small wooden balls, each of which represents a prize, written in euro:
- 1 first prize ball, which is called El Gordo .
- 1 ball for second place.
- 1 ball for third place.
- 2 ball for fourth prizes.
- 8 balls for fifth prizes.
- 1 794 ball for small prizes, which are called La Pedrea , which literally means " stone avalanche "or" stoning ".
Today, inscriptions on wooden balls are made using a laser., to avoid weight difference between them. They weigh 3 r and have a diameter 18,8 mm. Before, how to throw into vessels, numbers are shown to the public, so anyone can be sure, that the balls with their numbers were not lost.
As, how the drawing continues, one ball is simultaneously removed from each rotating sphere. One kid sings the winning number, other – corresponding prize. This repeats until then, while smaller cage (prize balls) will not be devastated. Due to the huge number of prizes, this procedure takes many hours. Children work approximately eight to nine shifts, equal to the number of frames with numbers, to draw.
The balls have holes, so they can be placed on long wires, which are kept within frames for later presentation. When the main prize is drawn, both kids pause, sing the number of the prize and ticket several times and show the balls to the committee, and then a fixed camera with two Phillips screwdriver heads, front mounted, and all this before, how to frame. like others. Although the draw is random, children, which are giving away higher prizes, welcomed. Besides the prizes, raffled from the ship, some prizes are calculated from the winning numbers (cm. Prize table above). After the announcement of the main prize ( El Gordo ) this number is instantly broadcast on television, on the Internet and on public screens.
The two vessel system was the traditional system, used by Lotería Nacional in their draws, but currently it is only used in a special Christmas draw. FROM 1965 For the rest of the Lotería Nacional regular and special draws, five spherical squares with ten balls each (numbered from 0 to 9), of which five digits of the winning numbers are drawn.
Smallest prize – reintegro , tickets, ending in a specific digit, return money. It means, that money is being returned 10% all tickets. The odds of winning higher prizes are 5,3%, which means, what more 10% all tickets win prizes, which is much higher, than most other lotteries. Prize structure makes it easier to win money compared to other lotteries, and they often say, that the prizes of the Christmas lottery are well distributed throughout Spain. Chances of winning in El Gordo make up 1 of 100 000, i.e 0,001%, while the odds of winning the top EuroMillions prize are 1 of 139 838 160 or 0,00000072%.
Known, that those who have not won after losing declare, what “the main thing – health”. They, who got their money back, often reinvest them in a ticket for Extraordinary Draw of El Niño , the second most important draw of the Nacional lottery, which is held 6 january, on the day of the Baptism of Jesus .