The drawing will traditionally take place 22 December. In the past, the drawings took place at the Lotería Nacional in Madrid , in 2010 and 2011 years – at the Palais des Congresses of Madrid, and with 2012 of the year – at the Teatro Real in Madrid. Pupils of the San Ildefonso School (previously intended for orphans of civil servants) draw numbers and related prizes, presenting the results in songs to the public. To 1984 of the year only boys from San Ildefonso participated in the drawing; This year Monica Rodriguez became the first girl, who performed the song, including the fourth prize of 25 million Spanish pesetas . Traditionally, the winners donate part of the money to the San Ildefonso School. Visitors to the event can wear extravagant clothing and hats, lottery related. Государственные телеканалы Spanish Television и National Radio of Spain , as well as other media broadcasting the entire draw. Two large spherical cells are used. The largest of them contains 100 000 small wooden balls, each with a unique 5-digit ticket number from 00000 to 99999. The smaller cell contains 1807 small wooden balls, each of which represents a prize, written in euro:
- 1 first prize ball, which is called El Gordo .
- 1 ball for second place.
- 1 ball for third place.
- 2 ball for fourth prizes.
- 8 balls for fifth prizes.
- 1 794 ball for small prizes, which are called La Pedrea , which literally means " stone avalanche "or" stoning ".
Today, inscriptions on wooden balls are made using a laser., to avoid weight difference between them. They weigh 3 r and have a diameter 18,8 mm. Before, how to throw into vessels, numbers are shown to the public, so anyone can be sure, that the balls with their numbers were not lost.
As, how the drawing continues, one ball is simultaneously removed from each rotating sphere. One kid sings the winning number, other – corresponding prize. This repeats until then, while smaller cage (prize balls) will not be devastated. Due to the huge number of prizes, this procedure takes many hours. Children work approximately eight to nine shifts, equal to the number of frames with numbers, to draw.
The balls have holes, so they can be placed on long wires, which are kept within frames for later presentation. When the main prize is drawn, both kids pause, sing the number of the prize and ticket several times and show the balls to the committee, and then a fixed camera with two Phillips screwdriver heads, front mounted, and all this before, how to frame. like others. Although the draw is random, children, which are giving away higher prizes, welcomed. Besides the prizes, raffled from the ship, some prizes are calculated from the winning numbers (cm. Prize table above). After the announcement of the main prize ( El Gordo ) this number is instantly broadcast on television, on the Internet and on public screens.
The two vessel system was the traditional system, used by Lotería Nacional in their draws, but currently it is only used in a special Christmas draw. FROM 1965 For the rest of the Lotería Nacional regular and special draws, five spherical squares with ten balls each (numbered from 0 to 9), of which five digits of the winning numbers are drawn.
Smallest prize – reintegro , tickets, ending in a specific digit, return money. It means, that money is being returned 10% all tickets. The odds of winning higher prizes are 5,3%, which means, what more 10% all tickets win prizes, which is much higher, than most other lotteries. Prize structure makes it easier to win money compared to other lotteries, and they often say, that the prizes of the Christmas lottery are well distributed throughout Spain. Chances of winning in El Gordo make up 1 of 100 000, i.e 0,001%, while the odds of winning the top EuroMillions prize are 1 of 139 838 160 or 0,00000072%.
Known, that those who have not won after losing declare, what “the main thing – health”. They, who got their money back, often reinvest them in a ticket for Extraordinary Draw of El Niño , the second most important draw of the Nacional lottery, which is held 6 january, on the day of the Baptism of Jesus .