How the first lotteries appeared in England?
It was Elizabeth I who introduced many Englishmen to the first lotteries in 1559, that is, just at that time, when the country suffered from many political and economic crises, tearing apart its resources. England was under constant blockade by its enemies, and politicians tried to find a quick and effective solution to this military problem. Of course, many advisers suggested that Elizabeth I simply find herself a worthy and powerful husband, eg, monarch of another country. Elizaveta did not want to take such a desperate step and chose a more interesting and non-standard solution, which she, however, spied on the Italians, that they have already had successful experience in organizing lotteries. In this way, in 1566, the Queen issued a decree to hold the very first official lottery in England, during which participants could win expensive prizes.
To successfully carry out this first draw, было напечатано свыше 400 000 уникальных билетов, moreover, the winning participants in the lottery could collect their winning sum in money, either in gold. As a result, the royal treasury was able to replenish well, and the proceeds from ticket sales went to the most important social needs at that time: repair of harbors and ports in the south of the country. It is thanks to this modernization that in the future England will be called nothing less than the "mistress of the seas" with a very strong fleet., which determined its absolute leadership among all other European states.
Future UK lotteries looking back on first positive experiences, arranged the same in anticipation of large and costly projects, to compensate for losses and attract, in this way, population to participate in government buildings. Here you can remember, eg, large-scale construction of an aqueduct in London, which has advanced greatly since, how in 1627 year in support of this project, a widespread lottery draw was held. Also, do not forget about the large British Museum., which was built, among other things, using the proceeds from the corresponding lottery. Among other similar construction projects: construction of large bridges and water pipes, as well as other socially useful and very expensive objects.
Large national lotteries have really been of great benefit to the state, but at the same time, many small lotteries began to appear against their background, in which too many gambling citizens participated. The government is, of course, didn't like, and they decided to ban all possible lotteries from individuals in 1698. In this way, the kingdom wanted to attract all active population to participate only in its lotteries, so that the profit from them could quickly replenish the treasury of England at the right time. At the same time, the ban on participation in local lotteries lasted until the 20th century and only through the successive adoption of the corresponding Acts of 1934, 1956-th and 1976 it turned out to get permission to hold certain lotteries, organized by private companies.
In the history of lotteries in England there is, of course, and your unpleasant moments. The first serious epidemic of widespread lotomania manifested itself in 1755, when people really went crazy and did everything, to get your coveted ticket. Many acts of vandalism have been recorded, since people in huge queues simply could not stand it and began to break down windows and doors, which caused great damage to urban infrastructure.
In the end, when all these problems became critical, opponents of gambling were able to pass anti-lottery laws in 1825, which completely prohibited the organization of such activities in the UK, because they began to be considered "godless". And yet a fairly large part of the population continued to take part in new sweepstakes, which now began to be carried out unofficially and secretly from the authorities, what caused the corresponding losses.